Pangaea is the most recent supercontinent to have existed and the first to be reconstructed by geologists. The name "Pangea" occurs in the edition of Die Entstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane , but only once, when Wegener refers to the ancient supercontinent as "the Pangaea of the Carboniferous". The forming of supercontinents and their breaking up appears to have been cyclical through Earth's history.
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Life and climate
Plate tectonics is the study of the lithosphere, the outer portion of the Earth consisting of the crust and part of the upper mantle. The lithosphere is divided into about a dozen large plates which move and interact with one another to create earthquakes, mountain ranges, volcanic activity, ocean trenches and many other features. Continents and ocean basins are moved and changed in shape as a result of these plate movements. The sequence of maps on this page shows how a large supercontinent known as Pangaea was fragmented into several pieces, each being part of a mobile plate of the lithosphere. These pieces were to become Earth's current continents. The time sequence shown through the maps traces the paths of the continents to their current positions.
Pangea , also spelled Pangaea , in early geologic time , a supercontinent that incorporated almost all the landmasses on Earth. Pangea existed between about million years ago at the start of the Permian Period of geological time to about million years ago during the Jurassic Period. It remained in its fully assembled state for some million years before it began to break up.
The Pangaea course is designed to provide European astronauts with introductory and practical knowledge of Earth and planetary geology to prepare them to become effective partners of planetary scientists and engineers in designing the next exploration missions. The course also aims to give astronauts a solid knowledge in the geology of the Solar System from leading European scientists. Pangaea is the first step in preparing European astronauts to become planetary explorers on missions to other planets allowing them to communicate with science advisors on Earth effectively, using a common and geologically correct language to increase fast and fruitful decision-making while selecting scientifically-relevant places to take samples. Through Pangaea, Europe is developing operational concepts for surface missions where astronauts and robots work together, among themselves and with scientists and engineers on Earth, using the best field geology and planetary observation techniques. You have already liked this page, you can only like it once! Simulated mission testing human—robot interaction Pangaea is the first step in preparing European astronauts to become planetary explorers on missions to other planets allowing them to communicate with science advisors on Earth effectively, using a common and geologically correct language to increase fast and fruitful decision-making while selecting scientifically-relevant places to take samples. Goals Attain basic knowledge on geologic processes and environments of Earth, Moon, Mars and asteroids, Develop observational and decisional skills to identify geological features, perform efficient sampling and report to ground control concisely and correctly, Recognise and describe environments that could host extra-terrestrial life.